Chapter 7 Notes | Chemistry 2nd Year
“Fundamental Principles Of Organic Chemistry”
- Chemical compounds were classified as organic and inorganic compounds based on their origin. Organic compounds are obtained from living things whereas inorganic compounds are obtained from mineral sources.
- It was thought that organic compounds could not be synthesized in laboratory from inorganic sources.
- Organic chemistry is now-a-days defined as the chemistry of carbon compounds.
- Most of the commercially important compounds we use every day are organic in nature.
- Coal, petroleum and natural gas important sources of organic compounds.
- The process of cracking is developed to increase the yield of lower hydrocarbons which serve as important fuels commercially
- Organic compounds are classified into acrylic and cyclic compounds.
- The study of organic chemistry is organized around functional groups. Each functional group defines an organic family.
- Compounds having the same molecular formula but different structural formulas are called isomers. There are four different type of structural isomers.
- Isomerism arises due to restricted rotation around a carbon-carbon double bond is called cis-trans isomerism.